If you lean to the political left, you attribute the woes of Black America to external things: racism, poverty, and guns.
If racism is the cause, how? Even if we admit historic racism, what quantifiable percentage of black people today is denied work, housing or education simply because they are black, especially since these things are prosecutable under law?
The left has lately had to invent a new kind of racism, “structural racism” AKA “double-super-secret-racism” which is invisible but if you doubt its existence it only proves that you are racist. This sounds stupid (and of course I am caricaturing) but it isn’t done out of stupidity. While the arguments are usually employed with dishonesty and malice (always heads I win tails you lose) I don’t think malice is the main motive. It is rather a result of an intellectual aporia – if the cause must be racism, yet we can’t see it, it must be invisible racism that can’t be empirically proven but only hypothesized.
If you lean towards the right (like me) you attribute problems in the black community to interior causes, that is, to something internal to urban black culture. Of course it is easy to criticize what you don’t know from the inside. It is also easy to see specks and ignore beams, i.e. complain about gangster rap while listening to Johnny Cash sing Cocaine Blues. It is also far too easy to look for a facile explanation – e.g. the problem with Black America is a lack of father figures – rather than ask why are there no fathers.
Right or left you pretty much sound like an asshole.
Rather than try to lecture one another what the true problem is, it would probably be better to reexamine the basic situation.
Whatever the situation was fifty years ago, the dysfunctions and travails of poor black America today are for the most part not unique. Poor rural white Americans display very similar patterns of drug abuse, petty crime, unemployment, welfare dependency and illegitimacy. (Donald Trump tells them that it is all the fault of the Chinese and Mexicans just like Black Lives Matter goes on about white people and their structural super-double-secret racism… more facile explanations, and politically convenient ones too.)
About the only thing unique to black American problems is the violent crime rate, and the only thing that has proven successful in controlling that is proactive policing of the sort that drove down the murder rate of New York City during the Giuliani days. (The wise man is always open to a technical solution.)
So the situation of poor black America is that it is an urban version of white Appalachian America with lots of homicide thrown in. It ceases to be a discussion about race, and suddenly looks much more like a discussion about economics and cultural isolation. These are not easy problems to define either but at least it starts to bring the discussion out of the realm of historical grievances and political point-scoring.